Nanowired Human Cardiac Organoid Transplantation Enables Highly Efficient and Effective Recovery of Infarcted Hearts

Science Advances 2023


Human cardiac organoids hold remarkable potential for cardiovascular disease modeling and human pluripotent stem cell–derived cardiomyocyte (hPSC-CM) transplantation. Here, we show cardiac organoids engineered with electrically conductive silicon nanowires (e-SiNWs) significantly enhance the therapeutic efficacy of hPSC-CMs to treat infarcted hearts. We first demonstrated the biocompatibility of e-SiNWs and their capacity to improve cardiac microtissue engraftment in healthy rat myocardium. Nanowired human cardiac organoids were then engineered with hPSC-CMs, nonmyocyte supporting cells, and e-SiNWs. Nonmyocyte supporting cells promoted greater ischemia tolerance of cardiac organoids, and e-SiNWs significantly improved electrical pacing capacity. After transplantation into ischemia/reperfusion–injured rat hearts, nanowired cardiac organoids significantly improved contractile development of engrafted hPSC-CMs, induced potent cardiac functional recovery, and reduced maladaptive left ventricular remodeling. Compared to contemporary studies with an identical injury model, greater functional recovery was achieved with a 20-fold lower dose of hPSC-CMs, revealing therapeutic synergy between conductive nanomaterials and human cardiac organoids for efficient heart repair.

Science Advances